As I promised we dedicate a special post to the Tyrol Castle, Schloss Tirol, the most famous and important castle in South Tyrol Südtirol and probably the whole Italy since the noble family of Tyrol gave it the name. To reach the city at the top of the rock which dominates the valley of Merano at the mouth of the Val Venosta and Val d’Adige we took a bus (221) from the bus stop opposite of the Palace Hotel. The ticket (euro 1.50) can be bought on board. The road leading to the castle is closed to traffic. Vehicles may be parked in the village of Tyrol. We then reached the castle by walking for 20-30 minutes. Under the snow we stoped to make millions of photos.
The castle was built in 1138. The location is very strategic. It is complex as it includes the mighty north tower defense flanked by what remains of the residential building and south from the palace of representation at two levels. To the east is the chapel, which is also a two-storey with typical architecture granted only to the territorial lords of the Empire. Further east there is finally the apartment building. Without being stormed the castle underwent many attacks. Archduchess Margaret defended at all costs and abdicated in 1363 which marks the end of the golden age of Castel Tyrol.
In the first half of 1600 the north-east was knocked down to avoid a more serious landslide. The lower part of the tower is still the original and its elevation is due to a restoration of 1904. I must say that they were very good in the reconstruction although perhaps the complete leak-tightness on the roof of the tower is a bit limiting the view a bit. The same story of the construction of the castle is described in detail with the aid of a computer simulation which superimposes the different phases of construction. The keep was then devoted to the history of the twentieth century in the region from 1898 to 1992. At the base of the castle at this time you can visit the markets in which you can enjoy a warm dinner.